5 Types of Medicines

The aim of taking any medicine is to cure a disease, alleviate pain or halt a disease from deteriorating.

Medicines can also be used to prevent diseases or help in the diagnosis of illnesses

Common types of medicines

1. Antipyretics

These are medicines used for relieving discomfort and reducing body temperature to a normal level when you have a high fever.

A fever can be an indication of a serious underlying illness, such as an acute infection which requires further treatment.

2. Analgesics

These are medicines that you take to relieve pain. They are commonly known as painkillers.

It is important to note that painkillers don’t get rid of the source of the pain but only block the pathways that transmit pain signals from the injured or irritated body part to the brain.

3. Vaccines

Vaccines are given as a way to build up your body’s natural immunity to a disease. Most immunizations that prevent you from catching diseases like measles, whooping cough, and chickenpox are given by injection.

Vaccines that are given orally include polio drops, rotavirus, hepatitis A, rabies, typhoid etc.

4. Antibiotics

Antibiotics  are used to fights bacterial infections. Antibiotics work either by killing bacteria or halting their multiplication so that your body’s immune system can fight off the infection.

5. Antiseptics

Antiseptics are used in the prevention of germ growth near burns, cuts and open wounds. Healthcare workers who are treating patients with wounds or burns also wash their hands with an antiseptic solution to minimize the risk of cross infection.

The most common antiseptics used are alcohols, phenols, iodine and chlorine.


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