9 Medical Tools you will Find in a Hospital

For doctors and other medical staff to serve you in a hospital, they need some basic medical tools. Whether you have landed in hospital for a minor illness or a medical emergency, the medical staff need to have the right medical tools in order to treat you hygienically, efficiently and effectively.

Common medical tools

1. Hospital stretcher

Hospital stretchers are used by emergency medical technicians to transport patients who are critically sick or injured into emergency rooms.

Patients undergoing operative procedures are also brought from operating rooms into recovery areas on transport stretchers.

2. Stethoscope

A stethoscope is one of the most commonly used medical tools by doctors and other health professionals.

It is used to listen to body sounds. It is mainly designed to listen to the lungs and heart, although it is also used to listen to the bowels and blood flow in other parts of the body.

3. Scalpel

A scalpel is a special kind of knife used by doctors during surgery. They are small, lightweight, and have a fine, sharp blade.

4. Thermometer

A medical thermometer (also called clinical thermometer) is used by doctors to check your body temperature — a very high or low body temperature means you are sick.

The tip of the thermometer is inserted into the mouth under the tongue (oral or sub-lingual temperature), under the armpit (axillary temperature), or into the rectum via the anus (rectal temperature).

5. Cast saw

A cast saw is a power tool used to remove orthopedic casts.

When you have a broken bone, your doctor can use a cast to hold the affected area in place so that the body can heal itself naturally.

They can also be used following orthopedic surgery. Broken bones that are left to heal without a cast may sometimes heal improperly.

6. Weighing scale

Recording accurate body weight is a fundamental part of patient assessment.

Your weight is used to determine your nutritional needs or calculate their medical doses etc.

7. Defibrillators

A defibrillator is an electrical device that provides a shock to the heart to restore normal rhythm.

They are commonly used in life-threatening situations such as cardiac arrhythmias or tachycardia.

8. Sterilizers

When any medical tool is used, bacteria comes onto the device.

Hospital sterilizers kill all forms of infectious elements including fungi, bacteria, viruses, spores, and all other entities present on surgical tools and other medical items.

9. Medical equipment

These are equipment designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of medical conditions.

There are several basic types including;

  • Medical imaging machines, used to aid in diagnosis. Examples are ultrasound and MRI machines, PET and CT scanners, and x-ray machines
  • Treatment equipment like infusion pumps, medical lasers etc
  • Life support equipment used to maintain a patient’s bodily function. This includes medical ventilators, incubators, anaesthetic machines, heart-lung machines and dialysis machines.
  • Medical monitors that allow medical staff to measure a patient’s medical state


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