5 Colours of fruits and vegetables and their benefits

Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables provide us with useful nutrients that we need for good health.

Fruits and vegetables are very important to our health because they are whole foods, created by nature and  are rich in a large amounts of nutrients.

Different fruits and vegetables and their health benefits

1. Blue/Purple


This colour is due to the fruit’s anthocyanin content which are antioxidants that provide numerous heart healthy benefits. This include blueberries and eggplants

2. Green


All green leafy vegetables are rich in chlorophyll as well as isothiocyanates which reduce carcinogenic agents from the liver.

Green vegetables like broccoli, cabbage etc also contain several other anticancer compounds. Apart from these antioxidants, they are rich in Vitamin K, folic acid, potassium etc.

3. Green/Yellow

Kiwi fruit

These vegetables and fruits are rich in lutein which is very important for eye health. It is especially necessary for the elderly people to prevent age related macular degeneration.

Some of these green-yellow fruits and vegetables are also rich in vitamin C. This include avocado, Kiwi, spinach, pistachio nuts, etc.

4. Red


The main pigment that gives the red colour to fruits and vegetables is Lycopene.

It is a powerful antioxidant that is being researched for preventing cancer as well as heart attacks. Lycopene is also useful for protecting prostate health and maintaining the breast tissue.

This include  grapes, cranberries, tomatoes, watermelons, guava, pink grapefruit etc.

5. Yellow/Orange


Carotenoids or beta carotene is responsible for imparting the yellow-orange-red pigment colour to certain fruits and vegetables.

These are rich in vitamin A and retinol-which is needed for acne and wrinkle prevention.

Vitamin A is needed for strong immune function and healthy vision. This include  mangoes, apricots, carrots, pumpkins, squashes, etc.

6. No colour

sweet melon

Some vegetables have no colour on their inside. That does not mean they are deficient in nutrients .

In fact many types of flavonoids are actually colourless and they still help the body counter the free radical formation.


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